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#1 24-12-2015 11:42:04

don_kihotis7
Moderator
From: Cyprus
Registered: 05-09-2013
Posts: 2477

DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Or in German: Italienisch-Deutscher Erinnerungsmedaille an den Afrika-Feldzug.

This is a very nice medal and affordable in comparison with other tropical militaria. We don't have an award section so i thought to post it here.

The medal was worn on a tunic and the ribbon is nicely worn and faded. Unfortunately the safety pin got lost at some point.

These medals were produced by the Italian maker Lorioli Milano and was designed by De Marchis. Both names are marked on the obverse of the medal.

On the reverse the Marble Arch is depicted. The Arch is also known in Italian as Arco Dei Fileni and in Arabian El Gaus.



http://afrikakorps.forumcrea.com/img/avatars/afrikakorps/big/2378_img_6390.jpg

http://afrikakorps.forumcrea.com/img/avatars/afrikakorps/big/2378_img_6391.jpg


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#2 24-12-2015 11:42:32

don_kihotis7
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From: Cyprus
Registered: 05-09-2013
Posts: 2477

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Maker and designer marks

http://afrikakorps.forumcrea.com/img/avatars/afrikakorps/big/2378_img_6399.jpg

http://afrikakorps.forumcrea.com/img/avatars/afrikakorps/big/2378_img_6394.jpg

Last edited by don_kihotis7 (24-12-2015 12:53:10)


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#3 24-12-2015 12:54:57

don_kihotis7
Moderator
From: Cyprus
Registered: 05-09-2013
Posts: 2477

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

2 photos of the arch.
Photo Credit: Wikipedia



http://afrikakorps.forumcrea.com/img/avatars/afrikakorps/big/2378_arch_of_the_philaeni_01.jpg

http://afrikakorps.forumcrea.com/img/avatars/afrikakorps/big/2378_bundesarchiv_bild_101i-782-0009-01a_nordafrika_panzer_iii.jpg


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#4 24-12-2015 12:56:17

don_kihotis7
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From: Cyprus
Registered: 05-09-2013
Posts: 2477

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Marble Arch

The Marble Arch, also Arch of the Philaeni (Italian: Arco dei Fileni), formerly known in Libya as El Gaus (i.e. "The Arch"), was a monument in Libya built during the days of Italian colonization. The arch marked the border between Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, and was located on the actual Libyan Coastal Highway (at that time Via Balbia) near Ra's Lanuf.[1] It was designed by architect Florestano Di Fausto in response to a request by the ItalianGovernor-General Italo Balbo. It was unveiled on 16 March 1937 in a lavish night ceremony attended by Benito Mussolini.

The arch, which was 31 meters high, with an opening 15.75 meters high (51 ft 8 inch) and 6.5 meters wide (21 ft 4 inch), and made with travertine stone (Rome`s typical building material), was located some 30 km (19 mi) west of the possible borders between Carthage and Cyrene, the locality called in Antiquity Altars of the Philaeni (Latin: Arae Philaenorum) which was located approximately halfway between Ra's Lanuf and El Agheila.[1]
The landmark was named after the legendary Philaeni brothers of Carthage, who chose to be buried alive on that spot in order to gain this border for their home town. It bore two giant bronze statues of the brothers, represented as buried alive, surmounted by a stylised altar, mocking one of the disappeared Arae. The landmark was decorated by basreliefs which illustrated the legend.

On the arch's frontispiece was carved a Latin inscription taken from Horace's Carmen Saeculare. It read,
Alme Sol, possis nihil urbe Roma visere maius which translates to: "Oh kind Sun, may you never look upon a city greater than Rome.
King Idris I of Libya had the Latin inscription translated into Arabic. The arch was reproduced in postcards and Italian Africa lottery tickets and soon became one of the symbols of Italian Libya and of the works done by theItalian Libyan colonists. The arch was demolished by dynamite in 1973 by the revolutionary leader Muammar Gaddafi, who considered the landmark as a sign of the Italian domination of Libya. [2] Another possible reason for this demolition is that the arch was a symbol of separation between two parts of Libya, Tripolitania and Cyrenaica. The two bronze statues of the Philaeni brothers and parts of the marble reliefs are now located in a small museum in Medinat Sultan, around 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Sirte.

                                                                                                                             Cyrene and Carthage

No records of any confrontations between the two powers are available, but a legend describes how the powers agreed on a border in Libya.
Two pairs of champions set out for Carthage and Cyrene on the same day, each pair running towards the other city. When the runners met, the Carthaginian pair had covered more ground. Accused of cheating by the Greeks, they consented to be buried alive on the meeting spot, so that the territory between that spot and Carthage would become part of the Carthaginian domain. The Carthaginian champions were brothers, called Philaeni, and the border was marked by two pillars called the "Altars of the Philaeni". The African territorial boundary between the Western and Eastern Roman Empires was later set on this spot.[17]

Source WikiPedia

Last edited by don_kihotis7 (24-12-2015 12:56:38)


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#5 25-12-2015 19:40:33

RRA227
Supreme DAK Member
From: Hokendauqua.Pa. U.S.A.
Registered: 23-06-2011
Posts: 1321

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Nice award. Rich A. in Pa.


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#6 26-12-2015 00:43:31

herrzark
Friend Of DAK Forum
From: GREECE
Registered: 06-01-2015
Posts: 324

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

It is Great chris..


http://i574.photobucket.com/albums/ss190/herrzark/de15a06e-209f-43dc-b28b-50aa3c94774c_zps6n2y3euw.png

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#7 26-12-2015 11:18:24

don_kihotis7
Moderator
From: Cyprus
Registered: 05-09-2013
Posts: 2477

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Thanks guys smile


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#8 26-12-2015 16:24:48

Rebbaron55
Supreme DAK Member
From: Central Coast of California
Registered: 08-07-2014
Posts: 1131
Website

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Thank you for the explanation of the arch and the award. Very interesting!   Barron smile

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#9 26-12-2015 20:39:53

Sebastian.V
Administrator
From: Paris
Registered: 06-04-2011
Posts: 1932

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Great History my friend...

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#10 28-12-2015 10:15:30

don_kihotis7
Moderator
From: Cyprus
Registered: 05-09-2013
Posts: 2477

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Thanks for the comments guys.

I have also posted here: http://afrikakorpsforum.xooit.fr/t25-DA … a.htm#p106


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#11 28-12-2015 20:31:27

Sebastian.V
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From: Paris
Registered: 06-04-2011
Posts: 1932

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Thanks Chris ! your help is great !!

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#12 01-01-2016 04:26:36

The Magpie
Veteran DAK Member
Registered: 29-06-2011
Posts: 646

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Nice Afrikan medal. These medals are a nice collectable piece from the North Afrikan campaign.

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#13 01-01-2016 06:52:53

don_kihotis7
Moderator
From: Cyprus
Registered: 05-09-2013
Posts: 2477

Re: DAK Medal - aka The Italo-German medal for the African campaign

Thanks Tim.
Nice to see that the problem with the IP has been solved smile


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